Getting Over Shyness
Many people will say their main social problem is shyness. It's a concept that encompasses a bunch of issues. There are several, slightly different, definitions of it as well. It varies from person to person too, but in general shyness can include the following:
Components of shyness
- Being hesitant, inhibited, or untalkative in certain social situations.
- Coming across as meek and soft-spoken.
- Avoiding certain social situations, either entirely or by being in them but not fully participating.
- Not liking to take any kind of social risk. This could be for something small, like speaking up to tell a joke in a group of friends, or something bigger, like asking someone out.
- Having trouble with self-disclosure.
- Having trouble with self-assertion.
- On occasion, being extra talkative or outgoing (this happens due to nerves, or because the shy person feels they have to act this way because that's what other people expect).
- Worrying about how you come across to others or what they'll think of you.
- Feeling that everyone is observing and evaluating how well you do socially.
- Feeling tongue-tied or worrying that you won't know what to say.
- Being over-sensitive to any sign of negative feedback or rejection (e.g., "I made a joke and everyone only sort of laughed. They all hate me, I know they do.")
- Feeling that being rejected would be a horrible experience that you couldn't handle.
- Seeing yourself negatively, either in a particular social situation (believing you're too quiet and awkward at parties and bad at making small talk), or overall (e.g., feeling you're boring, unlikable, fumbling, etc.)
- Symptoms of anxiety such as trembling, sweating, an upset stomach, or a racing heart.
- Physical signs of anxiety or embarrassment you don't want people to notice, such as blushing, sweaty palms, or a tight, constricted voice.
Additionally, shyness can be thought of as a temporary state ("I felt shy at that party") or a more global trait ("I'm a shy person.")
Degrees of shyness
Lots of people will tell you they're shy, but they can mean very different things when they say it. Here's a scale:
- People who are confident and charismatic across the board, but they feel 'shy' in the sense that if they do something like walk into a room full of people they don't know, they may feel out of their element for a minute or two before they dive in and start working the crowd.
- People who have it together on the surface, but they're inwardly self-conscious and hesitant at times. They say they feel shy, but it doesn't have much of a practical effect on their lives.
- People who do fine in most social situations, but feel ill at ease in a few of them. For example, they may get really nervous and self-conscious at parties, or networking events, but be fine around their good friends and co-workers.
- People who are shy all around, though not to an extreme degree. Certain scenarios give them the most trouble, but even day to day they're a bit more tongue-tied and uncomfortable around others than average. They have more social insecurities as well. On the whole their shyness doesn't get too in the way of their day-to-day functioning. It's more of an inconvenience.
- People who act very shy in most social situations, are buried under a mountain of worries, and whose lives are noticeably worse off because of it. If their shyness is severe enough it may even be more appropriate to describe them as having Social Anxiety Disorder / Social Phobia.
Coping with shyness
Shyness is one of those conditions that has been studied enough by this point that mental health professionals have a fairly good handle on how to treat it. That's not to say the ideas below will cure someone overnight. Many of them take time and effort, but they've been shown to be effective with many people.
The points below won't go into exhaustive detail. There are entire books that do that. What they'll do is give a brief overview of the general approaches to overcoming shyness, and link to some other articles that are more thorough.
Figure out how exactly you want to change your shyness
Some people want every trace of their shyness eliminated. Others see their shyness more as part of their personality and don't necessarily want to totally get rid of it. They may realize they're quiet or inhibited sometimes, but be comfortable with that aspect of themselves. They may want to be able to handle certain situations better, but have no need to change the fact that, say, they're not total butterflies at house parties.
If you're in the second camp, it can help to take the time to think about what facets of your shyness you want to work on and which ones you're fine to leave as is. It can also be useful to realize and accept that it's okay to remain shy in some ways.
There is no quick, magic solution
As I love to mention all over this site, I wrote an article about how there's no quick, effortless way to fix your social issues. Everything in it totally applies to trying to get over shyness. People especially tend to look for magic bullet solutions for problems that involve anxiety and fear of rejection, and shyness definitely fits that bill. Facing these things the proper way (i.e., head on) is hard after all.
Handle your insecure thoughts
A ton of advice on shyness falls into this category. Shy people usually have all kinds of worries and insecurities. These fears are often exaggerated or distorted, but shy people act as if they're realistic, and this prevents them from getting involved in more social situations. If they can get a handle on these thoughts, they can become more comfortable around people.
A few articles on this site go into more detail about how to handle maladaptive thoughts:
Try and increase your sense of self-worth and/or confidence
Some approaches are about going after negative thoughts directly. Another angle is to try and boost your sense of self-confidence or self-worth. The idea here is that if a person feels good enough about themselves, that will override any negative or insecure thinking they may have.
A fair amount of the shyness advice you'll come across falls into this category. Any time you read something that seems like it's trying to motivate or inspire or lift you up, I'd say it's following this strategy. For example, an article may tell you how unique and special you are as an individual, shyness and all.
There are all kinds of confidence boosting tactics out there. Some try to get you emotionally pumped up. Some will tell you to 'Fake it until you make it', i.e., that if you outwardly act confident enough, eventually your life will come around for you until you reach the point that you truly are confident. Some are more or less the 'handling negative thoughts' approach mentioned above.
If you haven't seen them already here are some articles I wrote on confidence. I'm not so much into the rah-rah motivational/daily affirmations stuff and instead take a different approach to the topic:
Expose yourself to the situations that make you shy
This is probably the most effective way to overcome shyness in the long term. If certain situations make you uncomfortable, put yourself in them until you're used to them, and you learn how to act effectively in them, and they don't bother you as much. This is a long, sometimes hard, process though. Facing your fears is uncomfortable. So is making mistakes and learning from them. So is occasionally getting rejected and learning firsthand that you can handle it.
I go into more detail about the importance of facing your fears here:
Here I explain the best way to do that, by exposing yourself to your fears in a gradual, controlled way:
Even though this approach is a very powerful way to combat shyness, it tends not to be written about as much. That's because there isn't much to say or think about it. It's something you just do. Of course, just because an approach doesn't require a lot of explanation, that doesn't mean it isn't effective.
When it comes to writing about getting over shyness, it's fairly easy to devote a lot of text to dealing with insecure thoughts, or trying to be confident. There are countless variations in ways people can be insecure, or be too hard on themselves, or falsely think a situation is more hazardous than it is. There are also tons of different things you can say to try and motivate someone or build them up. A writer could fill blog post after blog post with them. However, as extensive as the writing would look, it's all basically variations on the same few core themes.
Improve your social skills
This point won't apply to everyone. Some people who are shy have perfectly good social skills. Their problem is that their shyness and anxiety prevents those adequate skills from coming out. When they're not feeling too shy they do just fine in interpersonal situations.
Other people have underdeveloped people skills in addition to their shyness. On top of learning to handle their inhibited/anxious/insecure symptoms, they could also benefit from learning things such as better ways to make conversation or how to mingle at a party. They'd then need to put in the time to practice and develop those new skills. Though sometimes just knowing how to handle a social situation can make someone feel more confident in tackling it.
Of course this site is full of advice on all kinds of social skills topics. Some other sources of shyness advice primarily fall into this category too. They'll say things like, "Learn how to have more engaging conversations to overcome your shyness!!!"
If someone is shy and they have weaker social skills, it will probably take them longer to get over their problems. They have to work on two things at once, and the problems feed into and exacerbate each other. With time and practice they can be overcome. The hardest part is usually at the beginning, before things start to click into place.